Insulin – an extremely important hormone that is produced naturally by the pancreas (a gland placed behind the stomach) in the human body. Normally, this hormone is responsible for controlling blood sugar levels and transferring blood glucose from the bloodstream to such tissues as the liver, fat, and muscles, and converting it into energy for our body afterward.
However, sometimes tissues resist the action of natural insulin, so the pancreas works harder to produce more insulin and keep blood glucose levels within a normal range. But if the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin, glucose in the bloodstream may cause various health conditions in patients, such as type 1 and type 2 diabetes, increased cholesterol level, high blood pressure, obesity, etc. That is why mostly the treatment is inevitable.
So, let’s talk about this theme a little more. What is and what causes insulin resistance? How to reverse it? What are the most common symptoms? Keep reading to learn more on this topic.
Insulin resistance syndrome (also known as metabolic syndrome) is a health condition in which cells of the body tissues do not respond enough or at all to the insulin produced naturally by the pancreas, thus cannot control blood glucose level in people. As a result, the level of sugar in the bloodstream goes up and causes various health complications.
Even though sometimes the pancreas is able to work harder and produce enough insulin, in most cases, its ability to produce the hormone decreases, and insulin resistance prediabetes, which can potentially grow into type 2 diabetes mellitus, appears. Thankfully, with the help of a doctor, it is possible to pick correct insulin medications to support the patient and do not let health problems prevent them from living a full, happy life.
If not treated on time, insulin resistance may lead to such dangerous health issues as kidney disease, stroke, heart attack, cancer, various eye problems, and Alzheimer’s disease. That is why it is essential to always check on your health and has regular appointments with your health care provider.
Insulin resistance is an issue that may be caused by various factors. The most common one is excessive free fatty acids in the blood level. The thing is, when the person consumes too many calories, it causes weight gain, which is directly associated with insulin resistance. It also leads to an excessive amount of visceral fat (also known as belly fat) that stores around the organs and are very dangerous because it provokes the fatty acids and inflammatory hormones release into the bloodstream.
This issue may also appear in people with normal weight because of the following reasons:
Besides the factors mentioned above, insulin in people may occur due to the high level of stress in everyday life, different genetic reasons, as well as social situations.
According to the American Diabetes Association, there are some categories of patients that are more likely to develop insulin resistance over time. Here are some of the risk factors:
Please note that all of the factors may lead not only to insulin resistance but also to prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (if beta cells in the pancreas can’t make enough insulin on their own). It can also mean that the person tends to develop heart diseases, as well as other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular health conditions (e.g., stroke).
As you can see, some of the factors can be avoided if the person switches to a healthier lifestyle. Not only that, but health authorities are also focusing more on lifestyle measures that can assist in reducing the danger of this disease.
It is not really possible to find out whether you insulin resistant just from the way you feel. In order to know for sure, the person needs to get blood tests (plasma glucose test, glucose tolerance test, A1c test, etc.). In this way, blood sugar levels may be measured. These types of “tracking technologies” can also show whether you have the conditions of insulin resistance syndrome (high blood pressure, low “good” cholesterol levels, and high triglycerides). But it is impossible to know it without seeing the doctor.
People should be aware of the following warning signs insulin resistance causes as well:
As you can see, high blood sugar levels and hormone insulin levels are the key factors that may prove your health issues. But, except that such signs as excessive body fat, increased blood pressure, etc., are also something you should be aware of. A doctor’s help is always required, so take care of yourself and undergo a regular medical examination.
Even though it is almost impossible to cure insulin resistance in patients without special treatment, there are still ways to reverse these conditions by some positive lifestyle changes. Here is a shortlist of positive tips for improving your health:
According to the record, it is medically reviewed that every third person in the United States suffers from at least one of the diseases mentioned here. Even though insulin resistance, prediabetes, and both types of diabetes are connected with insulin levels in the blood, they have some differences that distinguish them from one another. Let’s discuss in more details:
Insulin resistance is a very dangerous and tricky disease that may lead to various health complications. However, this diagnosis is not a verdict; it is possible to work on your health, improve overall health condition and reduce all unpleasant consequences and symptoms to a minimum. Losing body fat, starting a healthy diet and sport routine, cutting off bad habits may make this disease much easier on the person. Everything is possible if you take care of the symptoms on time and regularly consult with a medical specialist. Thanks for reading, and stay safe!