No one will deny that the process of carrying a child is a period that brings magic into the life of every woman. However, it might at the same time lead to a number of well-being complications, gestational diabetes being one of them.
So, what exactly is it? What are its primary causes? And, finally, how to take care of gestational diabetes? Let’s delve right in to find the answers to these questions.
In simple words, gestational diabetes mellitus is a health issue that is characterized by abnormally high blood sugar levels (or, as it is sometimes called, glucose levels). The main distinctive peculiarity that differentiates it from other types of diabetes health complications (like type 1 or type 2) is that gestational diabetes tends to occur during a period of being pregnant.
There exist two distinct sub-types of gestational diabetes mellitus:
The basic difference between them is that the latter one is considered to be “more serious.” While class A1 gestational diabetes might be controlled by healthy nutrition and an active lifestyle, the A2 one should be treated by means of taking diabetes-related medications.
In most cases, women who are forced to live with gestational diabetes do not tend to encounter any specific symptoms. What they can feel is:
These indications, however, might also be experienced by any pregnant woman with a healthy level of blood glucose. Therefore, gestational diabetes is oftentimes diagnosed by means of routine screening.
Since it is a health condition that is oftentimes seen as a complication that occurs while a woman is pregnant, we might assume that the main thing that leads to the disease is impregnation.
In order to understand how gestational diabetes develops in pregnant women, let’s go through the description of the way insulin functions in a healthy body (no matter whether it is impregnated or not):
However, here is what happens when a woman gets pregnant:
Still, sometimes it happens that the body of a pregnant woman starts to experience one of the following complications:
As a result of both above-mentioned complications, too much glucose remains in the blood of a pregnant woman, which supports the development of gestational diabetes.
Despite the fact that any pregnant woman might find herself at risk of developing gestational diabetes, here are the factors that make the disease even more likely to occur:
P.S. You might be at a slightly higher risk to develop gestational diabetes during the state of being pregnant if you belong to the African, Native American, Asian, Hispanic, or Latino race).
All the above-mentioned risk factors increase the possibility to be diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Hence, it is of vital importance to undergo routine screenings (including the special glucose tolerance test) to diagnose the disease and treat it in time.
Predominantly, gestational diabetes mellitus disappears on its own after a woman gives birth to a child. However, improper disease control during pregnancy might lead to a number of complications, namely:
In order to minimize the possibility of these complications, make sure to take proper gestational diabetes care that will be prescribed by your health care practitioner.
Principally, gestational diabetes might be managed by means of eating healthy foods and doing regular physical activity (in order to maintain a healthy weight). These simple actions will not only lead to losing extra weight but also allow you to have a healthy pregnancy. Furthermore, they will have a positive effect on your upcoming baby’s health.
Occasionally, it might be impossible to manage gestational diabetes by means of simply leading a healthy lifestyle. If balanced eating and consistent exercising do not help you to return to normally low blood sugar levels, special insulin injections might be needed.
P.S. Apart from the above-mentioned methods to manage high blood glucose levels, pregnant women who live with gestational diabetes should undergo a special blood test on a regular basis and follow other individual recommendations their health care practitioners might give.
All in all, gestational diabetes is a health complication that is characterized by a high blood glucose level during the state of being pregnant. While being caused by a number of risk factors such as excessive weight or high blood pressure, the disease might be managed with a variety of methods such as healthy eating, an active lifestyle, and the intake of special medications. So, check your health condition on a regular basis (especially if you are pregnant), stay in touch with your health care practitioner, and remain “alive and kicking” at all times.
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